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Elementary

Elementary - Adjectives

Written by
Monday, 01 June 2009

English grammar lesson on-line for elementary level students - An explanation of some common adjectives with audio explanation and printable exercises.

1) Adjectives describe nouns. Adjectives are always put before the nouns, and there can be more than one adjective.

  • Sara has a big dog.
  • There are some good restaurants in the area.
  • It is a useful tool for gardening.
  • We need to buy a new car.
  • I have a new red jacket.

Adjectives don't change depending on number.

  • I have a beautiful cat.
  • I have three beautiful cats.


2) Many adjectives derived from verbs can end in -ed or -ing.

  • The film was boring.
  • She was bored by the film.

When an adjective ends in -ed, it describes a state i.e. the feeling given by something.

  • I was interested in the book.
  • I'm excited about tomorrow.
  • I was surprised to see you.
  • The bored man fell asleep.

When an adjective ends in -ing, active in meaning i.e. it describes the feeling given by something.

  • Modern art is interesting.
  • The news was shocking.
  • The book is really confusing.
  • The shocking news left us without words.

 

3) We use suffixes to form different parts of speech.
Noun suffixes: -ness, -ence. Adjective suffixes: -ful, -y, -ous, -al, -ly, -ic, -ent.

 

Noun Adjective
hope
rain
mystery
finance
love
poet
intelligence
wood
hopeful
rainy
mysterious
financial
lovely
poetic
intelligent
wooden
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Last modified on Friday, 10 February 2017 09:00

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